If you are looking for second-degree burn treatment options you are in the right place! As we are talking about burn care in this article.
We have already discussed how to take care of a first-degree burn but how do you treat a second-degree burn?
The two are very different and require a few different burn care treatments. A second-degree burn is more severe and will require better care than a first-degree burn would.
A second-degree burn will require much more care and oversight as it is naturally a deeper burn that has the risk of becoming infected.
So, keep reading to find out how to care for a burn at home with natural home remedies that you probably have on hand!
Disclaimer: I am not a health care practitioner or a doctor. The information in this post is for informational purposes and does not constitute legal health care advice in any way. I am not liable for any damages resulting from using the information included in this article. It is always best to consult a health care professional for advice on your own personal health needs.
What is a Second-Degree Burn?
Unlike a first-degree burn, a second-degree wound affects several layers of skin and tissue.
They are naturally more serious as they affect deeper tissue which leaves you vulnerable to complications and infection.
Second-degree burns are generally not too concerning as they can easily happen from touching a hot pot or spilling hot water on yourself.
The only times when they are something to be very concerned about is if the burn covers a large portion of the body, is on the face or joints, or if you have a weak immune system or cancer.
A second-degree burn can be life-threatening if it is serious enough or covers enough of the body. So, don’t try to treat it yourself if you are vulnerable to infection or have a serious widespread burn!
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Second Degree Burn Treatment Options
These burn care options are all generally used for any kind of burn unless it is very severe and requires medical attention. In which case, you should certainly get medical attention for the burn and not use home remedies.
These few things can be done to help alleviate pain and encourage faster healing and less scarring after the fact. Encouraging the burn to heal faster and heal better with these types of 2nd-degree burn treatments.
Read till the end to find out what some of the most common causes of second-degree burns are. So that you will know how to best avoid them in the future!
Cool it Down
The first thing that you need to do when you burn yourself is to slowly cool the area down. Do this by running lukewarm water over the area, slowly changing the water to the cold setting.
You can do this for up to 5 minutes in order to get immediate pain relief and to cool down the burn. This will help to ease the pain and to help the area of skin to stop burning.
Always start with lukewarm water first as shocking the skin with very cold water immediately, can cause tissue and nerve damage. It will also cause more initial pain.
Once the area has cooled completely you can apply a cold washcloth or a cold compress to the area for additional pain relief. As the cold will help to numb the area and greatly decrease any additional, lasting pain.
Wash the Burn
You will always want to wash the area of a burn no matter what degree of severity it is. Doing this will help to reduce the risk of infection by cleaning away any debris or bacteria.
Gently wash the burn with cool or lukewarm water and a soft washcloth. Dabbing at the area instead of rubbing, as that is too abrasive and can break the skin.
Later on, you can wash the area with a very mild soap once it has become less painful and tender. Just avoid anything that is overly fragranced, as that can cause irritation.
After the second day, you shouldn’t need to wash the burn anymore as it will have developed a think scab. The heal thing process should have begun as well from using the second-degree burn treatment.
You do not want a burn to become dry as it can promote tearing of the skin. Instead, you want to promote moisture so that your skin can heal itself faster.
This will also act as an additional layer between your burn and any irritants. Sometimes burned skin can start to stick to things, having this additional moisture will help to prevent that from happening.
You can read this article on aloe vera to learn more about its skin benefits, How Aloe Vera can Benefit Your Skin!
- How to Wash Your Hands the Right Way
- 10 Ways to Treat Dry Hands
- How to Treat a Sunburn Fast
- How to Protect Your Skin from the Sun
Bandage the Area
For a second-degree burn treatment, you will usually want to bandage the area in order to protect it from its environment.
If the burn is raw or has blisters a burn blister treatment would be to loosely bandage the area. This protects it from being rubbed against your clothes or other objects.
Once the threat of damaging the skin or breaking blisters has passed you can leave it unbandaged. This is important as the burn needs to breathe.
Use a soft gauze bandage with very light pressure. Never have it bandaged tightly as this can cause irritation and swelling.
What Can Cause a Second-Degree Burn
This degree of burn can be caused by many things. Even things that you wouldn’t suspect could give you a severe burn!
This is why a second-degree burn treatment is very similar to that of a first-degree burn as they can both be caused by the same things.
Though a 2nd-degree burn can be much more serious and will generally cause more tissue damage and pain. As a second-degree burn affects a deeper layer of tissue.
- Severe sunburn
- Hot oil
- Hot stove or cooking items
- Burn from fire
- Boiling water
- Chemical burn
It is important to practice safety in anything that you do to avoid injuring yourself in the process. Such as when you are cooking, cleaning, or working with chemicals.
Always remember to wear long gloves and preferably wear clothing that covers most of your skin. It is also a good idea to wear protective goggles or glasses when working with chemicals that could get into your eyes.
One of the most common causes of a 2nd-degree burn is getting burned while cooking. It is important to practice practical kitchen safety. Such as wearing oven mitts when handling hot foods and dishes, as well as being aware of what is cooking and could splatter.
What to Avoid
Just like there are things that you should do for a burn there are things that you shouldn’t do. Using the wrong kind of 2nd-degree burn treatment can negatively affect your ability to heal after being burned.
Being too rough or not applying the right things can really slow down the healing process and can cause irritation. The worst-case scenario is that it could actually become infected if not taken care of properly!
That is why it is so important to use the right kinds of home remedies when taking care of any kind of burn. Like any kind of wound, burns can become infected just as easily.
Are a few things that you definitely shouldn’t do to a 2nd-degree burn:
- Apply ice when first burnt
- Using very cold water
- Applying oil or butter
- Hot water
- Excessive friction
- Applying alcohol
- Peeling the skin
- Popping blisters
- Rubbing at the skin
All of these options are far too abrasive and harsh to use on a burn, whether it be a bad burn or a mild one.
All of these things mentioned should be completely avoided when you have a 2nd-degree burn.
When to Get Medical Attention
Like any kind of wound, a burn can also require some form of medical attention. Home remedies cannot be used for every situation and it is important to know when to get professional help.
There are a few warning signs that can let you know when you may need to get medical attention for your 2nd-degree burn. These are important warning signs, so do not ignore them or try to treat the burn on your own once you see these symptoms.
These are some of the signs and symptoms to watch out for and if you see them, get medical attention to treat your burn as soon as possible.
A Large Area is Burned
A good rule to remember with 2nd-degree burns is that if the burned area is larger than your hand, you should get medical assistance.
This is because there is more risk the larger the burn is. As it covers a much larger area of skin which makes it more likely to get infected or make you sick.
Even if you feel fine at the moment it is a good idea to visit the doctor to have them look at the burn if it is covering g a large area of your body.
Increasing Pain and Swelling
If your burn is becoming more painful or has begun to swell more, that is a sign of trouble.
It is normal for a second-degree burn to be painful for a day or two, even for it to swell for a few hours. But if it is gradually getting worse instead of better you should consider getting medical attention.
A wound that is healing should never get worse as time goes on. If it does, that is a very strong sign that it might be getting infected.
The Burn is Oozing or Smells
If the burn has begun to ooze any kind of liquid or has started to get a strange smell. That is a sign that the burn is most likely already infected.
A second-degree burn might occasionally ooze a little clear fluid. But if it is weeping a lot or oozing white liquid it is infected and needs medical attention.
If a wound developed a particular smell that is also a very clear sign that it is already infected. These symptoms shouldn’t be ignored and you should get medical attention if you notice them.
A fever is another very strong sign that your burn has become infected.
If you have a fever, you should immediately get medical attention before it starts to get worse. Never try to treat a fever at home if it has been caused by a wound that is most likely infected!
Second Degree Burn Treatment Conclusion
I hope that this article is able to help you if you are suffering from a second-degree burn or if you simply want to save this article just in case.
Most second-degree wounds can thankfully be treated at home safely. And these home remedies make excellent burn blister treatments to help your burn to heal faster.
Always try to stay safe around anything that could burn you and practice caution in dangerous situations. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure as the saying goes.
If you suspect that you have a severe burn do not try to treat it at home but get professional medical care immediately! You should never try to treat a 3rd-degree burn at home with home remedies.
Whenever you end up injuring yourself, take care to watch the injury to make sure that it doesn’t grow worse with time. Many injuries can be treated at home but some will need professional, medical attention.
Mayo Clinic, n.d., Burns, viewed January 20, 2021, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/burns/symptoms-causes/syc-20370539.
US National Library of Medicine, 2007, Topical Application of honey for burn wound treatment, viewed January 20, 2021, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3188068/.
US National Library of Medicine, 1995, Effect of aloe vera gel to healing of burn wound a clinical and histologic study, viewed January 20, 2021, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7561562/.